The biggest scientific breakthroughs of 2014 have impacted all facets of modern life, from medication, to the future of sustainable technologies, to space exploration. Scientists treating patients with new medications and techniques that are changing every day life for the human race and all around the world are releasing their findings, and adding to our vast banks of scientific knowledge.
1) Gravitational Waves from the Big Bang
In March, scientists declared they detected gravitational waves, “ripples in spacetime” that are regarded as the first tremors of the Big Bang. The BICEP2 – a telescope situated at the South Pole discovered the waves. The discovery supports forecasts from Einstein’s the notion of cosmic inflation – together with theory of relativity that the universe expanded in the initial instants after the Big Bang. Scientists will have the ability to piece together a more precise image of our universe, in its first minutes.
2) Earth Sized Planet in the Goldilocks Zone
In April, NASA’s Kepler space telescope seen an “Earth cousin” planet that orbits its star in the habitable “Goldilocks zone, is similar in size to Earth,” and might have water and the proper conditions for life as we understand it.
The planet, being called Kepler 186f, circles a red dwarf star and is about 490 light years from Earth. The recently discovered planet is the greatest instance for a habitable planet that scientists have found.
3) Saturn Gets a New Moon
In April, NASA scientists found a “bulge” in Saturn’s A Ring, the outermost of the bigger, more vibrant bands. They consider the bulge is the formation of a brand new planet, which they’ve nicknamed Peggy. Peggy was found by the Cassini Huygens space probe and would be Saturn’s 64th moon.
4) Researchers Clone Human Cells
After multiple unsuccessful attempts, stem cells were eventually created by researchers. They used the same technique that created the well-known Dolly the sheep clone in 1996.
The cells used in this example came from a 35-year old and a 75-tear-old man in a process called atomic transport.
5) Breakthrough in CLL Treatment
Scientists at Cardiff University in Wales made a breakthrough in treating chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the most common type of leukemia. Scientists developed a fresh drug to target the cancer cells and stop them before they’ve time to multiply and go through the body.
The scientists consider that within ten, or even five years will be quite a bit less of a focus for research workers, as it’ll be basically no longer a clinical problem.
6) Monkeys May Do Math
Three rhesus monkeys 26 distinct symbols was educated by researchers at Harvard Medical School, including 16 letters and Arabic numerals. They found the monkeys were 90% precise in selecting the symbol with the largest benefit and learned to find the connection between the values of the symbols and the benefits and connected the symbols with a benefit.
They examined the monkeys, finding they could add values also, and these results could help scientists track the development of human numerical abilities.
7) Bug Reproduction
In April, an insect was found by scientists in Brazil with exceptional abilities that were reproductive. The new genus of insect was named “Neotrogla, with this bug and ”, it’s the female that’s a member, which scientists have dubbed a “ gynosome and it’s covered in spikes.
Neotroglas are about the size of a flea, and during mating (which could continue for up to 70 hours), the female is on top and their member functions as a vacuum, sucking the sperm out of the male vagina.
Scientists at MIT and Harvard University have created a breakthrough set of stuff to keep solar energy in molecules, using a material called an “azobenzene,” which can subsequently be drawn on water, to heat houses, or for cooking.
These photoswitches can keep heat eternally, and all one has to do is expose the molecules to a modest number of light, heat, or electricity to take out their energy. This technology could be used to avoid one of the largest roadblocks in solar energy storage.